Liquefied energy fuels spill effects program. by Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.

Cover of: Liquefied energy fuels spill effects program. | Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.

Published by Dept. of Energy, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service] in [Livermore, Calif.], [Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Liquefied natural gas.,
  • Plumes (Fluid dynamics),
  • Vapors.

Edition Notes

Book details

ContributionsErmak, Donald L., Hogan, W. J. 1940-, United States. Dept. of Energy.
The Physical Object
Paginationv. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17650945M

Download Liquefied energy fuels spill effects program.

Get this from a library. Liquefied energy fuels spill effects program. [Donald L Ermak; Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.; United States. Department of Energy.]. This report documents the results of Phase II of a program aimed at quantifying the explosion hazards associated with spills of large quantities of hazardous material such as liquefied natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas.

The principal results of this phase of the work are: a quantitative. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Oil Spill Program plays an important role in protecting the environment through prevention of, preparation for, and response to oil spills.

Several U.S. EPA offices and other organizations deserve special recognition for their contributions to the revision of this booklet.

During the period from tothe Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) conducted a liquefied gaseous fuels spill effects program under the sponsorship of the US Department of.

1. Introduction. One of major hazards of liquid fuels during their transportation, processing and storage is that they can be relatively easily involved in leakage which will then be turned into continuous spill fires after ignition in the presence of an ignition source such as sparks (Mealy et al., ; Brambilla and Manca, ).For continuous spill fires, as the spreading area is not Cited by: 1.

The book will appeal to a broad range of energy professionals and specialists, farmers and foresters who are searching for methods of selecting, growing, and converting energy crops, entrepreneurs who are commercializing biomass energy projects, and those involved in designing solid and liquid waste disposal-energy recovery systems.

Effects of Nitrogen Compounds and Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons on Desulfurization of Liquid Fuels by Adsorption via π-Complexation with Cu(I)Y Zeolite.

Ambalavanan Jayaraman, Effects of Catalysts in Carbon Dioxide Reforming of Methane via Corona Plasma Reactions. Energy & Fuels Effects of Combustion Mode on Exhaust Particle Size Distribution Produced by an Engine Fueled by Dimethyl Ether (DME) Energy & FuelsMeasurement of the Liquid−Deposit Interface Temperature during Solids Deposition from Wax−Solvent Mixtures under Sheared Cooling.

large oil spills, few studies have conducted toxicity tests of modern fuel oil (Mearns et Liquefied energy fuels spill effects program. book, ). The use of technology to help map and predict impacts of future spills has also proliferated. AEG Environmental is There for Diesel Fuel Accidents.

When a diesel fuel accident happens, you need a spill response team that acts decisively and contains the spill effectively to minimize the impact on the environment. When AEG Liquefied energy fuels spill effects program.

book is dispatched to the scene of a diesel fuel accident, we will work quickly to stop the spill. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that indiesel (distillate) fuel consumption in the U.S. transportation sector resulted in the emission of million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2), a greenhouse gas.

This amount was equal to about 24% of total U.S. transportation sector CO2 emissions and equal to nearly 9%. So how dangerous is hydrogen fuel. In many situations where a vehicle is located outdoors hydrogen is safer than conventional liquid fuels or natural gas.

This in no way implies that hydrogen is not dangerous — there are many situations where hydrogen, like any other fuel or energy storage device, can cause an accident. Fuel Cell Handbook (Seventh Edition) By EG&G Technical Services, Inc. Under Contract No. DE-AMFT U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy.

See UC San Diego's Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Plan. SPCC Plan overview. Spills of any type of oil may damage the environment. UC San Diego has a Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Plan (SPCC) to prevent or reduce the discharge of oil into navigable waters.

The campus SPCC plan identifies management measures that must be implemented. The Energy The truth comes out about the longest-lasting oil spill in Gulf of Mexico on studying the oil and not its effects on marine life and the environment. for the more than 1. Liquid fuel spill and pool fires represent potential hazards in many applications ranging from accidents at industrial plants using combustible liquids to arson fires with flammable fuels.

A pool is characterized as a confined body of fuel that typically has a depth greater than 5 mm. What is oil. Crude oil, the liquid remains of ancient plants and animals, is a fossil fuel that is used to make a wide range of fuels and products.

Oil is found below ground or below the ocean floor in reservoirs, where oil droplets reside in “pores” or holes in the drilling down and pumping out the crude oil, oil companies transport it by pipes, ships, trucks, or trains to. Liquid fuels: For regulatory information related to liquid fuels, view the following information: Ontario Regulation / Liquid Fuels; Liquid Fuels Handling Code Adoption Document Amendment (Ma ) Corresponding Director's Order (revision to section 6 of Ontario Regulation /01) Minister's Exemption.

Prevent spill liquid from entering storm drains or sewers. Build a dike of dirt, rocks, furniture pads or whatever possible to slow and contain run off of fuel.

Confine the liquid on hard surface such as asphalt or concrete if possible. Discourage washing the liquid from the road.

Propane (/ ˈ p r oʊ p eɪ n /) is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C 3 H is a gas at standard temperature and pressure, but compressible to a transportable liquid.A by-product of natural gas processing and petroleum refining, it is commonly used as a ered in by the French chemist Marcellin Berthelot, it became commercially available in the US by As the demand for electricity grows in the United States, power generators are looking for alternative fuels and stable prices.

Among the alternatives being considered are a group of multi-component fuels referred to as emulsified fuels. One such fuel, is known as Orimulsion® (referred to simply as Orimulsion throughout the report), produced by Bitúmenes Orinoco, S.A. (BITOR), a subsidiary.

In order to evaluate and eventually predict the possible mitigating effects of vapor fences on the dispersion of the vapor cloud resulting from an accidental liquefied natural gas (LNG) spill in storage areas, a research program was initiated to evaluate methods for predicting LNG dispersion distances for realistic facility configurations.

and liquid fuel sources on an equal footing, we examine their comparative abilities to address the problems mentioned by powering new-technology vehicles, including battery-electric vehicles (BEVs), hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs), and flex-fuel vehicles run on E Twelve combinations of energy source-vehicle type are considered.

For example, greater use of electric vehicles in cities could help to reduce pollution, while hydrogen could become a viable and affordable transport fuel for electric vehicles.

Meanwhile, biofuels, liquefied natural gas (LNG) and other liquid hydrocarbons will continue. Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula N 2 H is a simple pnictogen hydride, and is a colourless flammable liquid with an ammonia-like odour.

Hydrazine is highly toxic unless handled in solution as e.g., hydrazine hydrate (NH2 NH 2 xH 2 O).As ofthe world hydrazine hydrate market amounted to $ million. Hydrazine is mainly used as a foaming agent in.

Oil and Fuel Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Program for Farms. The goal of the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) program is the prevention of oil spills into navigable waters and adjoining shorelines.

Certain farms, based on quantity of stored petroleum, and other facilities must have an SPCC plan to prevent. Fossil Energy’s Oil and Natural Gas Office actively participates in several global partnerships and initiatives: U.S.-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum: The Office of Fossil Energy and China’s National Energy Administration have held the annual U.S.-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum since The Forum is a public-private partnership.

October EPA/ Proceedings of the Third National Conference on the Interagency R&D Program. pages. • Energy/Environment Fact Book. December EPA/ 76 pages. • Alaskan Oil Transportation Issues. October EPA/ 11 pages. • Oil Shale and the Environment. October Liquefied Natural Gas: This report was prepared by the U.S.

Department of Energy (DOE) in collaboration with the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC). DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy supports technology research and policy options to ensure clean, reliable, and affordable supplies of oil and natural gas for American. Clean Fuels Technology.

COSAP. Comparative Oil/Orimulsion Spill Assessment Program. DESMI. Name of a pump skimmer manufacturer. DOE. Department of Energy. EIA. Energy Information Administration. ethylene oxide. EPA. Environmental Protection Agency.

FAF. Forced Adhesion and Floatation. HMRAD. Hazardous Materials Response and Assessment. This in effect hid from the public both information regarding their Navy work and records unrelated to the Navy’s work including the plant’s safety records.

YIKES. One incident hidden from the public was a rather disturbing spill of 9 gallons of uranium in at privately owned Nuclear Fuel Services Inc located in Erwin, Tennessee.

What you know as oil is actually called petroleum or crude oil and may exist as a combination of liquid, gas, and sticky, tar-like substances. Oil and natural gas are cleaner fuels than coal, but they still have many environmental disadvantages. The secret to fossil fuels’ ability to produce energy.

Spills of Emulsified Fuels: Risks and Response is part of an evolving body of work conducted by the National Research Council (NRC) to help inform debate and decision-making regarding the ecological consequences of releases associated with the widespread use of fossil fuels.

Trained Professionals – A semi-trailer will often be transport gallons of fuel and driving the tanker is a highly skilled professional.; Electronic Stability Control systems can be fitted to trucks. ESC anticipates rollovers and loss of directional control.

It’s an intelligent controller, a box of electronics that can apply brakes on the vehicle in a way that will improve its. How Clean Energy Fuels Corp.

Makes Most of Its Money The natural gas transportation fuels leader relies on fuel sales for 80% of its revenue, but. As spilled oil on land prevents water absorption by the soil, spills on agricultural locations or grasslands have the effect of choking off plant life.

If a spill occurs in these environments, the highest response priorities are to prevent oil from leaching into groundwater or entering waterways as run-off, and to return the soil to productive.

From toHowarth chaired the International SCOPE Biofuels Project, an effort chartered by the International Council of Science (ICSU) to critically evaluate the consequences of liquid biofuels on global warming and other environmental h also served on the United Nations Environment Programs’ committee that evaluated the environmental consequences of biofuels.

Spill-over effects show prioritizing education of very poorest improves attainment of all Date: Novem Source: University of Cambridge. The total yield of liquid fuels is about bbl of crude liquid per ton of coal (1 bbl is 42 gal or L).

Although the economics of coal liquefaction are currently even less attractive than for coal gasification, liquid fuels based on coal are likely to become economically competitive as supplies of petroleum are consumed.

These fuels are found in the Earth’s crust and contain carbon and hydrogen, which can be burned for energy. Coal, oil, and natural gas are examples of fossil fuels. Coal is a material usually found in sedimentary rock deposits where rock and dead plant and animal matter are piled up in layers.

The Energy Independence and Security Act of (EISA) established aggressive goals for renewable fuel use that might require significant changes to the nation’s fueling infrastructure.

Before significant quantities of renewable fuels can be used by U.S. vehicles, it is critical that these fuels be evaluated for compatibility with old and new.Powet-to-Liquid (PtL) fuels is a promising technology and promising alternative to biofuels and conventional fuels.

In this work, the environmental impact of PtL was investigated using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in order to see how the energy source used in producing the PtL affects the environmental impacts the fuel has.A fossil energy balance of means that it requires as much energy to produce a litre of biofuel as it contains; in other words, the biofuel provides no net energy gain or loss.

A fossil fuel energy balance of means that a litre of biofuel contains twice the amount of energy as that required in its production.

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